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bZz0rj)ޭدץkrV/q%w[h{^h֭jv\Wkv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^͛wv}Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ejoq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i u|ٷwm݊%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibfݶv+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^][qZz)jizZyrjY^][q%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmmmt~'m]6b%j/q" ^fzح 'z5/r)RMMZq^i׫Zgy:nvj[paM蠆֭j)/r)RMMZq^i׫Zgy:nvbqm^Ʃ*'v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^nxZz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^nxدrVrz{[i u'z݊bZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+u}ܕ,ǜ[y%tқy%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfvVreVrqVrfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^k~دrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)z_xyb'fz{,ǭ{[$v+utsNqܕ,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^G4G~)j{-W{pz(!4Zq,jxrدzWx)&)nq睹ƭ-קh+-jwh~קw^b,vzȧjwZv^b{j_쥩쥩)^~蠆4hbq^ir^0yƧi{Zaz*ᢸ{+ފ{^-jw^zg݅iʋzZmy&z^bv(~^~na{ߢz0z޾n*'jZ쥩쥩)^~蠆4ghZ'^E '"Wk%y޺w^ZاݚjkyȚ*'")lȞ&t '{-YbʋWz-jwb ٞj{- ')jvκh謶{(&jYpk,i۝z{lz0jweqw +&jG^ryZl)^~蠆4♪'+y^v,h^jnu)୧^"f)ඉ Z0x-y!zvnuib+bz朆և &zjazg(!~۫x-ਾ'u*+?݊݊݊݊݊݊݊݊bZz0rj)ޭدץ٧6ݷzrV/q%w[h{^h֭jv\W٧6ݷzv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^uiZy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ejoq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i u{w_:V%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ib|Zv+ܕ,ǭ{[$v+uxӇ,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^}8rl)^mjXǧ$5/bbbbbbbbدrV{Zwv+u|~Ɯ,ǫ z0VrH+ݽǫ(Kz0zoq%i춊oq'']ZyrjY^[R{:h|1ۯE=bbbbbbbbدrV{Zwv+uv},ǫ z0r`jǫ(駲)ǫ(ק)uZǝi&v}%j/q'uZǞ鞞(קyدץy=rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrly%oq(X-ǜ\e~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+z^]msbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuاyum]%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץs4rVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\Ws4~(.朕,Ǭx%z)觝q" ^fy[zrZuا-9990aNحkym? 0ʋoj!F ZnV)zw}zZzȧW+ey'+y҆vm4nӰ /r)RMMIztݴM7ۆ~4) ut:թm'm:蠆ݻ֭j)/r)RMMIztݴM7ۆ~4) ut:~(jbxbuקqm~(.݊݊bZzױhrGb'^6yiZzױhrL+j^uZǝi&ygơr^֥ z{^Zr"tkym? 0ʋoj!F ZnV)zw}z)j{-W{pz(!4Ngbz쥩k)jbbbbbدץ߷}rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrlbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uw}]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ib߷}v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^tZz)jizZyrjY^trV)jwǬx%z)曲n-Wib&=_;tۊq+ez~m /ȭjX(ƭ۝z{lnu֭רzjy+zY袗zޮh,Ǭx%z)bWr(hm6M{߭+r/Rhi+OJ-M}j}1y9^) ut{٩m'm]6yZܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4np {^|N{׽6Jgy9^بu~(jbߊ {bbدrVmnZدץ4wָrVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez^G}kwܥzױbw׫ܥy'xG"t֡l0ayƩ%yۜjب-ק^+jبzZnV)zw}z躻ax&%nՊȭjب쥩݊݊݊݊݊b'^Mu㞞Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ej]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ]x秽v+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xMu㞞دrV)j{ZwǬx%z)楊 y]z^ݶW%j/qzȧW¶j֯qhjeɩez^ݶWiZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xh<띸m7ڜm^i ۚ\,!zo颻_Xj_jZJޖz(ޮz+y%j/q" ^fzح䜭J-M}jN2ܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4nӰ x-ן9ӞۆuZܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4nӰ x-ן9Ӟۏiqm^Ʃ*'v+v+݊%j/q^z_:y%j/q^0izy֭jv\WZ{-W{Z('qz)j{-W{pz(!4~,Jmj~m /njYrj|r~bqbzjy+zY袗zޮN b\je{v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^47Zz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^47دrV{^Zy^rz{m睊z]7G%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ}ߎv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xMw~;دrVmnZدץyrVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez]]ןzHxקM朅z.Ǭkx?l'+)j{-W{pz(!4RǭZ0x%z(ZƧu-- u쨺-קabjW0{-ۭڝayDwj^rب)jkx?hrJשܥy'ȳ{])x*'حب ,no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi%k oڮ؜l)^~蠆4Liڶ*'+'%x{-ۭ-W{l7қal(bbw׫?{^-{-ۭjbrWjbrWe؜?iZiܥy'ȳ{])ښ)m6׻Ȩ쥩쥩)^~,Jmj~m \oȚnv'!h/ڕZ׫'ZrmM yi. ^ũzښ)m쥩ijr"tkym? 0rybm{ujhƙhښ)m{+jr-W{l7қal0*.r\K.Y?evGjh쮉^ܥy'ȳ{])jا^5bvZlhr( ^rv.f.Ѽly>-M*Bx*;v+mjZJޖz(ޮz+y$4 ^ũzښ)mvv+"w^Q!b܉R^l)^~,JmlK #D!no)j{)j{-W{l7қZiݮ+ނ (^/"y/,7*\xN{ )j{-W{pz(!4'V'^)jnڲܥy'ȳ{])~m +yzwr+-v'ajh캚hڶ*'jVڞNӖt}v[h+y֍jبAjy?iZZr"t֡l0'"',?朅W镩+yحy'l{,(jyrAאjjij}ޮǚkz˥Ʀzحj!D^mZrmMH)K+-zo쥩ijr"tkym? 0ȯ(y!z?,zej{?r,~VGŠݱ'*^yVyޭy܆[ljjij^IrE.6hZ+-ނ+%jدxڝijr"tkym? 0ʋoj!mqGb^-"Vר-W{l7қal0!V'oy!z?jbrWךr''l^jج ,|+i׿ijr"tkym?HHvW%{ujhZ׫'~?ijr"tkym?HHvW^uږ+-=^xWzOj+'l-W{l7қal"v"u^rԞ+^u+Zx+z'םJ֭z ޲H)^~,Jmi +m+h /nqbz(Zb+b ayDjY^'V-W{l7қal0*.r\Ej]z-%yZ)e쥩*^ددv+ܕ,ǭ{[$v+u{uӷ\,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^Z;v-W{Z('qzl-jky+&rjgƿLI#Kbbbbbbbbدץ{nrVǬzj+rj)ޮZhbw׫Ǭzj+ܥz%Zyrw{nv+v޲'^%j/qڶqڶܢZ+m4s[zǩj"vuKzǩja'z5uZǝi&׫]xi uzۧ?v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^n{nZz0ǫ([h{^h֭jv\W۽^ۯ9v+ܕ,ǜ{^rH+rj)ޯbدrV{^Zy^rz{m睊zWkGo%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ}v+ܕ,ǜ{^rH+rj)ޯbدrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)zWkGobZzױhrGb'^۾yZzױhrL+j^uZǝi&[mGr^֥ yV &zi8^az¢&^>קs/bbدrV{Zwv+u|׆տ\,ǫ z0r`jǫaz(![h{^h֭jv\W^kVv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^^8Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uZ{u]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibi5׎=v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^޷oZz)jizZyrjY^޷o%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmn'm]6b%j/q" ^fzحFFquNܽԦZuJm67DF]@+ӯ^|Nׯ"vun!z(!uZh,ܽJeT_m?IeB:z ut]z݊Ʃ*'']zߊبدددددv+u^׹\,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+zWzbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuا^׹]%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץrVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\W~(.bZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xhpaMZzȧW+ezZrH({+r/Rhi+O%i" m-ן9ӭ9ߖtۈ^mj֢ +r/Rhi+O%i" m-ן9ӭ9ߟv+ߊبu~(jbߊ {bbbbbدץvs=rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrlbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uyݧO]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibvs=v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^o9mZz)jizZyrjY^o9m%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmn'm]6b%j/q" ^fzح%i" mܽJeT_m?앧$h,r^|N^ږ"vun!z(!uZh,ܽJeT_m?앧$h,r^|N^د~(jbxbuקqm~(.݊݊݊݊݊b'^_uZy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ej]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץkWsǝv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]x_uدrV)j{ZwǬx%z)楊 y]z]r++r/Rhi+OGlOw\J:^y:^xj[paM蠆֭j)/r)RMM$vWpԣ-ן9ӭuv+ߊبu~(jbߊ {bbbbbbbbدrVmnZدץߍ8rVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez^;ӊl)^~蠆4+nuWva ay^rbjw!ax 'j/zz{_w-i(ا-^r+"{&iכ^ ,|!hW^.ay'حب8bWږ%,jazh*:vif)ඉjhZ!jqm"v۝z{l'W Z^2jƬކ]z-jb h0{ah'"ƫrK-קɞqb׫z+zޱxzyf)ඉݱݶZize{hފ{-鞞֥azvy˜q,Zv+v+݊%j/q'zb'^8mֶZz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^8mֶدrV{^Zy^rz{m睊zWޞۧ%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xwدrVmnZدץ^rVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez]ݸxקM朅z.Ǭkx?bRǭZ0x%z(ZƧu-- u쨺-קabjWkx춺'[$-z)j{-W{l7қ[+嚲'jwmzȝzw2no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi$ey?+嚲'ܥy'xBjn+嚲'X{)jZiܥy'ȳ{])Y!x-{jzY@u޲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 0rybm'{],ܥy'xD^i՚'V{],Z)^~,Jmi♨rfzyؚ_)ඉjzYlrz_eb+ƥ('jw'V{],)jZr"tӅਞbbvv^>קs&ܥy'ȳ{])kym?HV&^ZrmM yi. ^ڇਞbb쥩k)jZr"tzyf)ඉڝ,b ax޲'^̛ZZr"t֡l0j.ޮz'?yۜjب^'V^'-ib^קs/쥩)^~蠆4LizZnX)"uɩݶ)܊^zj2Zl)^~,JmlK #D!no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi ۛy&ryߊԨc )j{-W{pz(!4+嚲'"{kۜV'^)jnڲܥy'ȳ{])~m !h'(! ?!x-x'DB„*g72ya00v߁HD|0py!  ќ ~  NAjjl"t7]zݷӎunjb hm>+-&'ij'ly܄e'J0Y!x-q+(Zw2)znڲܥy'ȳ{])~m &z+!x-앫ޯ/zwrn!x-{%jޜVƛVjb hJVzijr"tkym? 0剺گ/݊jXb+b+Zhbk'%{'j;ΝnvƩyԥjk)jhrJ׿v+v+݊%j/q^z]Zծu%j/q^0izy֭jv\WխZ\r^֥ z{^kym?Z)y~rqz{"8HRددددددددv+u|ծzk}ܕ,ǯqڶܢ{ZwǬzj+jXǧqڶ)^bu֭jv\j"|ծzk}݊r+b*\,Ǭzj+Ǭzj+rhoqڶaM/qڶ'$,֭jv\^v)m$.ץVددددددددv+ܕ,ǫ(֢݊zVGww%j/qXKz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^دrVrz{[i u'z݊bZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+ut},ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfvVreVrqVrfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^O{kgدrVrz{[i u'z݊bZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuاt}%j/q^zV5%j/q^0izy֭jv\Wm_yk-W{Z('Xv0DHLD5!=IAEDv+v+݊%j/q'zb'^v}Zz0ǫ(Kz0zoq%i춊oq']j֯qhjeɩez]o׵wbZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+u|;,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^{qدrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)z_=bZzȧWrj)ޮ)j('v+uxݧܕ,ǯq" ^f{ ڦuZǝi&xݧߊ yدrV)jwǬx%z)曲n-Wib&"vzJqh,Ǭx%z)bW~&乲/r)RM}N"fy#:`^|NO"vzH^mj֢ +r/Rhi+&j9.c utN݊Ʃ*'']zߊبدددددv+u}Ɵܕ,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+z_zqbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuا}Ɵ݊%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץ}MrVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\W}M~(.bZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xh'm4ZzȧW+exhK{+r/Rhi+&j9-ן9ӭVN-gvgaF^Z쥩)j{-W{l7қZiޟ+"/ŭ睢jJrZ{byؚX{m睢jJr4@]ߨZrmMrj)x睢jJr6jthrL_쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym?'حب' /'حبzwfz{uZrmMym^-gvg)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~m'l,r~*쵩ٞ)j{-W{pz(!4EjwVjبb@ݙZo)j{-W{l7қ[ZĮ}ځܥy'ȳ{])kym? (Woݡ˦z{wa-dl& p@g~#۬Z)ಖܥy'xB޲'>VZĮ}ځ-a{)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~mv, (hr鞞_$s(nDn9@]HG^c*lC۬Z)ಖܥy'xB޲'>VZĮ}ځa{)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~m 2nm(ok )j{-W{pz(!4Y\b+ʇ}&zwfz{)jvnZr"t֡lšnȭzyߊWzzw^؟~_ܥy'xD^i֛Fzw^8}ޝǬuhӺ쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 0ʋoj!XF3L1z)j{-W{pz(!4Y\b+ʇ娙J߭=u쥩k)jvoiܥy'ȳ{])x+bx/zg쥩)j{-W{l7қZiݡ %y&gզCd=`Gm/hH eHb)x,)^~蠆4зϕnb*'Lz{xmju쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 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“WHO WILL TEACH THE CHILDREN AND WHAT WILL THEY TEACH THEM?” 

The great philosopher Plato asked this question 2400 years ago, and it has never been more critical to our future in a day and age when there is so much disruption to “normal” life.

Our educators are struggling to put into context this new age of protest. Statues toppling, churches desecrated, streets and communities damaged, lives lost. But often lost on students is how the country that many of them see being criticized allows them to criticize, how the country that many of them see being torn apart allows them the freedom to demonstrate, to speak, to protest. 

Do students know that these things are not new? That the very founding of this country was a protest? And that even though that founding was imperfect, that it gave us the rights and freedoms to create a more perfect union? 

Welcome to Why America? 2020: Toward a More Perfect Union, an initiative of the Center for Education Reform (CER) designed to help teachers virtually to share with their schools, their students, their communities. Why America? will not only provide a series of live lessons for teachers, but also provide professional development credentials from an accredited provider to those interested, free of charge!

WHY AMERICA? 2020: 
TOWARD A MORE PERFECT UNION

Inaugural event on August 19 |  4-5 PM EDT 

First in a  semester-long course into exploring the First Amendment and specifically that “Congress shall make no law respecting…the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”  

Join us for a conversation featuring:

 
 

Honorable Anita McBride, executive-in-Residence at the Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies in the School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, D.C., board member of the White House Historical Association, and former Chief of Staff to First Lady Laura Bush

 
 
 

Lawrence Staten, chair of the history department at Washington Latin Public Charter School in Washington, DC

The programs will occur twice a month from September 2020 through January 2021 and will be live via Zoom webinar as well as available via recording for those who are unable to participate live.

WHY WHY AMERICA? THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS ORIGINS

Students learn about the Constitution as a contract between the new government and the American people, why it was instituted, and how it works. They are introduced to the drafting and ratification process of the Constitution, including why the Articles of Confederation were not sufficient to hold together the new United States of America and why a new contract was necessary.  In our December 2019 event on this topic with local students at the National Archives, students got to “meet” James Madison and tour the National Archives Museum.

WATCH:

WHY AMERICA? HAMILTON’S VISION

Students explore the Treasury and America’s financial system, as well as additional material about the legislative branch. Through these resources, students learn how the new contract, the Constitution, was intended to function, and how the Founders envisioned that we would pay for it. Alexander Hamilton factored in strongly in that discussion; at the Washington, DC event in January 2020 with students from the area, Mr. Hamilton was present to help students explore how America functions. They also learned about the role of Congress and had an opportunity to tour the US Capitol. You can do it too from anywhere in the world!

WATCH:

WHY AMERICA? THE FATHER OF OUR COUNTRY & THE PRESIDENCY

Students learn about how the executive branch of the American Government functions according to the decisions made by the Congress on who should execute the constitution. This lesson also looks at the story of Ona Judge, a Washington Family slave who escaped captivity, to introduce students to Washington’s less glamorous legacy as a slaveholder. At our Washington, D.C. event on this topic in March 2020, students met with historical interpreters representing George Washington, his friends and the enslaved people who were instrumental to the nation’s early success.

STUDENT AND TEACHER RESOURCES: 

Use the following lesson plans and activities to guide your students through this module.

George Washington and the Presidency 
Learn about George Washington’s life 

George Washington’s Farewell Address
Read Washington’s Farewell Address
Explore the historical significance of Washington’s Farewell Address

The Constitution and the Presidency 
Learn about Article 2 of the Constitution

George Washington and Establishing the Presidency 
Explore establishing the presidency and the principles of democracy

ONLINE RESOURCES
George Washington Introductory Video
Washington: History Channel Miniseries
Ten Facts about Washington and Slavery
Ona Judge, Escaped Slave

WHY AMERICA? CITIZENSHIP & SUFFRAGE

Students will learn about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, their first amendment rights, and the movements in our history to ensure that every man and woman of every ethnicity have the right to vote and have their voices heard. Resources from the White House Historical Association provide a history of Lafayette Square and the White House.

For additional resources visit Ashbrook Online Resources to Teach American History.  The Ashbrook Center has for years offered quality educational programs and resources online including a library of primary source documents, interactive exhibits, podcasts, and Teaching American History Toolkits on their website www.TeachingAmericanHistory.org.

Made possible by the Diana Davis Spencer Foundation and exclusive to District of Columbia charter schools, Why America? aims to increase appreciation for this country’s founding by introducing 4th-8th grade students to invaluable historical resources in and around the nation’s capital.

HOW TO MAKE SURE YOU ARE INVOLVED
It’s easy. If you want to have a school participate or you’d like to help us broaden the reach of “Why America?”, write us at events@edreform.com or call 202-750-0016

And a special note to teachers. “Why America?” is meant as a teaching aide and help to you. We welcome – and need – your input and support. Please contact us at any time about any aspect of the program.

CER email-newsletter-01 copy

VIEW 
WHY AMERICA?
NEWSLETTERS

VOLUME 1
VOLUME 2

bZz0rj)ޭدץkrV/q%w[h{^h֭jv\Wkv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^͛wv}Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ejoq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i u|ٷwm݊%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibfݶv+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^][qZz)jizZyrjY^][q%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmmmt~'m]6b%j/q" ^fzح 'z5/r)RMMZq^i׫Zgy:nvj[paM蠆֭j)/r)RMMZq^i׫Zgy:nvbqm^Ʃ*'v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^nxZz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^nxدrVrz{[i u'z݊bZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+u}ܕ,ǜ[y%tқy%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfvVreVrqVrfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^k~دrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)z_xyb'fz{,ǭ{[$v+utsNqܕ,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^G4G~)j{-W{pz(!4Zq,jxrدzWx)&)nq睹ƭ-קh+-jwh~קw^b,vzȧjwZv^b{j_쥩쥩)^~蠆4hbq^ir^0yƧi{Zaz*ᢸ{+ފ{^-jw^zg݅iʋzZmy&z^bv(~^~na{ߢz0z޾n*'jZ쥩쥩)^~蠆4ghZ'^E '"Wk%y޺w^ZاݚjkyȚ*'")lȞ&t '{-YbʋWz-jwb ٞj{- ')jvκh謶{(&jYpk,i۝z{lz0jweqw +&jG^ryZl)^~蠆4♪'+y^v,h^jnu)୧^"f)ඉ Z0x-y!zvnuib+bz朆և &zjazg(!~۫x-ਾ'u*+?݊݊݊݊݊݊݊݊bZz0rj)ޭدץ٧6ݷzrV/q%w[h{^h֭jv\W٧6ݷzv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^uiZy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ejoq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i u{w_:V%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ib|Zv+ܕ,ǭ{[$v+uxӇ,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^}8rl)^mjXǧ$5/bbbbbbbbدrV{Zwv+u|~Ɯ,ǫ z0VrH+ݽǫ(Kz0zoq%i춊oq'']ZyrjY^[R{:h|1ۯE=bbbbbbbbدrV{Zwv+uv},ǫ z0r`jǫ(駲)ǫ(ק)uZǝi&v}%j/q'uZǞ鞞(קyدץy=rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrly%oq(X-ǜ\e~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+z^]msbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuاyum]%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץs4rVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\Ws4~(.朕,Ǭx%z)觝q" ^fy[zrZuا-9990aNحkym? 0ʋoj!F ZnV)zw}zZzȧW+ey'+y҆vm4nӰ /r)RMMIztݴM7ۆ~4) ut:թm'm:蠆ݻ֭j)/r)RMMIztݴM7ۆ~4) ut:~(jbxbuקqm~(.݊݊bZzױhrGb'^6yiZzױhrL+j^uZǝi&ygơr^֥ z{^Zr"tkym? 0ʋoj!F ZnV)zw}z)j{-W{pz(!4Ngbz쥩k)jbbbbbدץ߷}rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrlbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uw}]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ib߷}v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^tZz)jizZyrjY^trV)jwǬx%z)曲n-Wib&=_;tۊq+ez~m /ȭjX(ƭ۝z{lnu֭רzjy+zY袗zޮh,Ǭx%z)bWr(hm6M{߭+r/Rhi+OJ-M}j}1y9^) ut{٩m'm]6yZܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4np {^|N{׽6Jgy9^بu~(jbߊ {bbدrVmnZدץ4wָrVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez^G}kwܥzױbw׫ܥy'xG"t֡l0ayƩ%yۜjب-ק^+jبzZnV)zw}z躻ax&%nՊȭjب쥩݊݊݊݊݊b'^Mu㞞Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ej]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ]x秽v+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xMu㞞دrV)j{ZwǬx%z)楊 y]z^ݶW%j/qzȧW¶j֯qhjeɩez^ݶWiZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xh<띸m7ڜm^i ۚ\,!zo颻_Xj_jZJޖz(ޮz+y%j/q" ^fzح䜭J-M}jN2ܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4nӰ x-ן9ӞۆuZܽԦZuJm67'+y҆vm4nӰ x-ן9Ӟۏiqm^Ʃ*'v+v+݊%j/q^z_:y%j/q^0izy֭jv\WZ{-W{Z('qz)j{-W{pz(!4~,Jmj~m /njYrj|r~bqbzjy+zY袗zޮN b\je{v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^47Zz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^47دrV{^Zy^rz{m睊z]7G%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ}ߎv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xMw~;دrVmnZدץyrVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez]]ןzHxקM朅z.Ǭkx?l'+)j{-W{pz(!4RǭZ0x%z(ZƧu-- u쨺-קabjW0{-ۭڝayDwj^rب)jkx?hrJשܥy'ȳ{])x*'حب ,no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi%k oڮ؜l)^~蠆4Liڶ*'+'%x{-ۭ-W{l7қal(bbw׫?{^-{-ۭjbrWjbrWe؜?iZiܥy'ȳ{])ښ)m6׻Ȩ쥩쥩)^~,Jmj~m \oȚnv'!h/ڕZ׫'ZrmM yi. ^ũzښ)m쥩ijr"tkym? 0rybm{ujhƙhښ)m{+jr-W{l7қal0*.r\K.Y?evGjh쮉^ܥy'ȳ{])jا^5bvZlhr( ^rv.f.Ѽly>-M*Bx*;v+mjZJޖz(ޮz+y$4 ^ũzښ)mvv+"w^Q!b܉R^l)^~,JmlK #D!no)j{)j{-W{l7қZiݮ+ނ (^/"y/,7*\xN{ )j{-W{pz(!4'V'^)jnڲܥy'ȳ{])~m +yzwr+-v'ajh캚hڶ*'jVڞNӖt}v[h+y֍jبAjy?iZZr"t֡l0'"',?朅W镩+yحy'l{,(jyrAאjjij}ޮǚkz˥Ʀzحj!D^mZrmMH)K+-zo쥩ijr"tkym? 0ȯ(y!z?,zej{?r,~VGŠݱ'*^yVyޭy܆[ljjij^IrE.6hZ+-ނ+%jدxڝijr"tkym? 0ʋoj!mqGb^-"Vר-W{l7қal0!V'oy!z?jbrWךr''l^jج ,|+i׿ijr"tkym?HHvW%{ujhZ׫'~?ijr"tkym?HHvW^uږ+-=^xWzOj+'l-W{l7қal"v"u^rԞ+^u+Zx+z'םJ֭z ޲H)^~,Jmi +m+h /nqbz(Zb+b ayDjY^'V-W{l7қal0*.r\Ej]z-%yZ)e쥩*^ددv+ܕ,ǭ{[$v+u{uӷ\,ǭ{[$¶qZyrjY^Z;v-W{Z('qzl-jky+&rjgƿLI#Kbbbbbbbbدץ{nrVǬzj+rj)ޮZhbw׫Ǭzj+ܥz%Zyrw{nv+v޲'^%j/qڶqڶܢZ+m4s[zǩj"vuKzǩja'z5uZǝi&׫]xi uzۧ?v+v+v+v+v+v+v+v+݊%j/q'zb'^n{nZz0ǫ([h{^h֭jv\W۽^ۯ9v+ܕ,ǜ{^rH+rj)ޯbدrV{^Zy^rz{m睊zWkGo%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץ}v+ܕ,ǜ{^rH+rj)ޯbدrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)zWkGobZzױhrGb'^۾yZzױhrL+j^uZǝi&[mGr^֥ yV &zi8^az¢&^>קs/bbدrV{Zwv+u|׆տ\,ǫ z0r`jǫaz(![h{^h֭jv\W^kVv+ܕ,ǫ(ק֭jzWz{\{^kb'^^8Zy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(g_-ǜY`~*rqbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uZ{u]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibi5׎=v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^޷oZz)jizZyrjY^޷o%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmn'm]6b%j/q" ^fzحFFquNܽԦZuJm67DF]@+ӯ^|Nׯ"vun!z(!uZh,ܽJeT_m?IeB:z ut]z݊Ʃ*'']zߊبدددددv+u^׹\,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+zWzbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuا^׹]%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץrVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\W~(.bZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xhpaMZzȧW+ezZrH({+r/Rhi+O%i" m-ן9ӭ9ߖtۈ^mj֢ +r/Rhi+O%i" m-ן9ӭ9ߟv+ߊبu~(jbߊ {bbbbbدץvs=rVroq(gZ/q(5ǜ\l-ǜ\l~*rlVrlbZy%yޭ֭jv\^f)i uyݧO]%j/q('uZǞ鞞(קy֭jv\ibvs=v+ܕ,Ǭx%z)(֢q" ^fyby^~b'^o9mZz)jizZyrjY^o9m%j/q" ^fz)zzȧWi(^ܥzv)nmn'm]6b%j/q" ^fzح%i" mܽJeT_m?앧$h,r^|N^ږ"vun!z(!uZh,ܽJeT_m?앧$h,r^|N^د~(jbxbuקqm~(.݊݊݊݊݊b'^_uZy%ǜYjhǜ\lrqVrqy%iZy%goq(gejoq(X%joq(ej]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץkWsǝv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]x_uدrV)j{ZwǬx%z)楊 y]z]r++r/Rhi+OGlOw\J:^y:^xj[paM蠆֭j)/r)RMM$vWpԣ-ן9ӭuv+ߊبu~(jbߊ {bbbbbbbbدrVmnZدץߍ8rVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez^;ӊl)^~蠆4+nuWva ay^rbjw!ax 'j/zz{_w-i(ا-^r+"{&iכ^ ,|!hW^.ay'حب8bWږ%,jazh*:vif)ඉjhZ!jqm"v۝z{l'W Z^2jƬކ]z-jb h0{ah'"ƫrK-קɞqb׫z+zޱxzyf)ඉݱݶZize{hފ{-鞞֥azvy˜q,Zv+v+݊%j/q'zb'^8mֶZz0ǫ(Kz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^8mֶدrV{^Zy^rz{m睊zWޞۧ%j/q(rfurq[y%Zy%oq(ɥjoq(ɟ-ǜY-ǜY`-ǜ\e-ǜY~*rey%W]%j/q()zZyrnzm$.ץv+ܕ,ǜW(ק֭jzWz{\{^kZyr]xwدrVmnZدץ^rVmnZ ڦǝj֯qhjeɩez]ݸxקM朅z.Ǭkx?bRǭZ0x%z(ZƧu-- u쨺-קabjWkx춺'[$-z)j{-W{l7қ[+嚲'jwmzȝzw2no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi$ey?+嚲'ܥy'xBjn+嚲'X{)jZiܥy'ȳ{])Y!x-{jzY@u޲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 0rybm'{],ܥy'xD^i՚'V{],Z)^~,Jmi♨rfzyؚ_)ඉjzYlrz_eb+ƥ('jw'V{],)jZr"tӅਞbbvv^>קs&ܥy'ȳ{])kym?HV&^ZrmM yi. ^ڇਞbb쥩k)jZr"tzyf)ඉڝ,b ax޲'^̛ZZr"t֡l0j.ޮz'?yۜjب^'V^'-ib^קs/쥩)^~蠆4LizZnX)"uɩݶ)܊^zj2Zl)^~,JmlK #D!no)j{)j{-W{l7қZi ۛy&ryߊԨc )j{-W{pz(!4+嚲'"{kۜV'^)jnڲܥy'ȳ{])~m !h'(! ?!x-x'DB„*g72ya00v߁HD|0py!  ќ ~  NAjjl"t7]zݷӎunjb hm>+-&'ij'ly܄e'J0Y!x-q+(Zw2)znڲܥy'ȳ{])~m &z+!x-앫ޯ/zwrn!x-{%jޜVƛVjb hJVzijr"tkym? 0剺گ/݊jXb+b+Zhbk'%{'j;ΝnvƩyԥjk)jhrJ׿v+v+݊%j/q^z]Zծu%j/q^0izy֭jv\WխZ\r^֥ z{^kym?Z)y~rqz{"8HRددددددددv+u|ծzk}ܕ,ǯqڶܢ{ZwǬzj+jXǧqڶ)^bu֭jv\j"|ծzk}݊r+b*\,Ǭzj+Ǭzj+rhoqڶaM/qڶ'$,֭jv\^v)m$.ץVددددددددv+ܕ,ǫ(֢݊zVGww%j/qXKz0rn{-z0rz{mZyrjY^دrVrz{[i u'z݊bZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+ut},ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfvVreVrqVrfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^O{kgدrVrz{[i u'z݊bZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuاt}%j/q^zV5%j/q^0izy֭jv\Wm_yk-W{Z('Xv0DHLD5!=IAEDv+v+݊%j/q'zb'^v}Zz0ǫ(Kz0zoq%i춊oq']j֯qhjeɩez]o׵wbZz0rz{]j֯qzg'v+u|;,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*rfuy%oq(_-v+ܕ,ǜXj֯qhjeɺ+uj" w^{qدrVr\{^Zy^rz{mj֯qhjeʖv)z_=bZzȧWrj)ޮ)j('v+uxݧܕ,ǯq" ^f{ ڦuZǝi&xݧߊ yدrV)jwǬx%z)曲n-Wib&"vzJqh,Ǭx%z)bW~&乲/r)RM}N"fy#:`^|NO"vzH^mj֢ +r/Rhi+&j9.c utN݊Ʃ*'']zߊبدددددv+u}Ɵܕ,ǜ[y%֮y%oq(%joq(-ǜ[&-ǜ[&~*دrVrbwuZǝi&׫vrH+z_zqbZy%rz{]j֯qzg'uZǝi*Zuا}Ɵ݊%j/q" ^fy'zzȧWjXWدץ}MrVǬx%z)+j^֭jv\W}M~(.bZzȧWyޮ)jn%׬)^]xh'm4ZzȧW+exhK{+r/Rhi+&j9-ן9ӭVN-gvgaF^Z쥩)j{-W{l7қZiޟ+"/ŭ睢jJrZ{byؚX{m睢jJr4@]ߨZrmMrj)x睢jJr6jthrL_쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym?'حب' /'حبzwfz{uZrmMym^-gvg)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~m'l,r~*쵩ٞ)j{-W{pz(!4EjwVjبb@ݙZo)j{-W{l7қ[ZĮ}ځܥy'ȳ{])kym? (Woݡ˦z{wa-dl& p@g~#۬Z)ಖܥy'xB޲'>VZĮ}ځ-a{)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~mv, (hr鞞_$s(nDn9@]HG^c*lC۬Z)ಖܥy'xB޲'>VZĮ}ځa{)jno쥩)^~,Jmj~m 2nm(ok )j{-W{pz(!4Y\b+ʇ}&zwfz{)jvnZr"t֡lšnȭzyߊWzzw^؟~_ܥy'xD^i֛Fzw^8}ޝǬuhӺ쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 0ʋoj!XF3L1z)j{-W{pz(!4Y\b+ʇ娙J߭=u쥩k)jvoiܥy'ȳ{])x+bx/zg쥩)j{-W{l7қZiݡ %y&gզCd=`Gm/hH eHb)x,)^~蠆4зϕnb*'Lz{xmju쥩iZ۲ܥy'ȳ{])kym? 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“WHO WILL TEACH THE CHILDREN AND WHAT WILL THEY TEACH THEM?” 

The great philosopher Plato asked this question 2400 years ago, and it has never been more critical to our future in a day and age when there is so much disruption to “normal” life.

Our educators are struggling to put into context this new age of protest. Statues toppling, churches desecrated, streets and communities damaged, lives lost. But often lost on students is how the country that many of them see being criticized allows them to criticize, how the country that many of them see being torn apart allows them the freedom to demonstrate, to speak, to protest. 

Do students know that these things are not new? That the very founding of this country was a protest? And that even though that founding was imperfect, that it gave us the rights and freedoms to create a more perfect union? 

Welcome to Why America? 2020: Toward a More Perfect Union, an initiative of the Center for Education Reform (CER) designed to help teachers virtually to share with their schools, their students, their communities. Why America? will not only provide a series of live lessons for teachers, but also provide professional development credentials from an accredited provider to those interested, free of charge!

WHY AMERICA? 2020: 
TOWARD A MORE PERFECT UNION

Inaugural event on August 19 |  4-5 PM EDT 

First in a  semester-long course into exploring the First Amendment and specifically that “Congress shall make no law respecting…the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”  

Join us for a conversation featuring:

 
 

Honorable Anita McBride, executive-in-Residence at the Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies in the School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, D.C., board member of the White House Historical Association, and former Chief of Staff to First Lady Laura Bush

 
 
 

Lawrence Staten, chair of the history department at Washington Latin Public Charter School in Washington, DC

The programs will occur twice a month from September 2020 through January 2021 and will be live via Zoom webinar as well as available via recording for those who are unable to participate live.

WHY WHY AMERICA? THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS ORIGINS

Students learn about the Constitution as a contract between the new government and the American people, why it was instituted, and how it works. They are introduced to the drafting and ratification process of the Constitution, including why the Articles of Confederation were not sufficient to hold together the new United States of America and why a new contract was necessary.  In our December 2019 event on this topic with local students at the National Archives, students got to “meet” James Madison and tour the National Archives Museum.

WATCH:

WHY AMERICA? HAMILTON’S VISION

Students explore the Treasury and America’s financial system, as well as additional material about the legislative branch. Through these resources, students learn how the new contract, the Constitution, was intended to function, and how the Founders envisioned that we would pay for it. Alexander Hamilton factored in strongly in that discussion; at the Washington, DC event in January 2020 with students from the area, Mr. Hamilton was present to help students explore how America functions. They also learned about the role of Congress and had an opportunity to tour the US Capitol. You can do it too from anywhere in the world!

WATCH:

WHY AMERICA? THE FATHER OF OUR COUNTRY & THE PRESIDENCY

Students learn about how the executive branch of the American Government functions according to the decisions made by the Congress on who should execute the constitution. This lesson also looks at the story of Ona Judge, a Washington Family slave who escaped captivity, to introduce students to Washington’s less glamorous legacy as a slaveholder. At our Washington, D.C. event on this topic in March 2020, students met with historical interpreters representing George Washington, his friends and the enslaved people who were instrumental to the nation’s early success.

STUDENT AND TEACHER RESOURCES: 

Use the following lesson plans and activities to guide your students through this module.

George Washington and the Presidency 
Learn about George Washington’s life 

George Washington’s Farewell Address
Read Washington’s Farewell Address
Explore the historical significance of Washington’s Farewell Address

The Constitution and the Presidency 
Learn about Article 2 of the Constitution

George Washington and Establishing the Presidency 
Explore establishing the presidency and the principles of democracy

ONLINE RESOURCES
George Washington Introductory Video
Washington: History Channel Miniseries
Ten Facts about Washington and Slavery
Ona Judge, Escaped Slave

WHY AMERICA? CITIZENSHIP & SUFFRAGE

Students will learn about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, their first amendment rights, and the movements in our history to ensure that every man and woman of every ethnicity have the right to vote and have their voices heard. Resources from the White House Historical Association provide a history of Lafayette Square and the White House.

For additional resources visit Ashbrook Online Resources to Teach American History.  The Ashbrook Center has for years offered quality educational programs and resources online including a library of primary source documents, interactive exhibits, podcasts, and Teaching American History Toolkits on their website www.TeachingAmericanHistory.org.

Made possible by the Diana Davis Spencer Foundation and exclusive to District of Columbia charter schools, Why America? aims to increase appreciation for this country’s founding by introducing 4th-8th grade students to invaluable historical resources in and around the nation’s capital.

HOW TO MAKE SURE YOU ARE INVOLVED
It’s easy. If you want to have a school participate or you’d like to help us broaden the reach of “Why America?”, write us at events@edreform.com or call 202-750-0016

And a special note to teachers. “Why America?” is meant as a teaching aide and help to you. We welcome – and need – your input and support. Please contact us at any time about any aspect of the program.

CER email-newsletter-01 copy

VIEW 
WHY AMERICA?
NEWSLETTERS

VOLUME 1
VOLUME 2